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© - Home ufficiale - Il Blog di Giacomo Palumbo

sabato 18 giugno 2011

Libya continues to search for a political solution. Coordinated action by NATO and diplomacy.


The rebels have rejected a Libyan proposal to hold "elections under international supervision" formulated by the son of Muammar Gaddafi, Saif al-Islam, appeared two days ago in a lengthy interview published by Corriere della Sera. The spokesman for the rebels, Gallal Jalal said that the government of Colonel has lost all legitimacy and Rais has only to resign because they have not the slightest intention of negotiating with the regime.
The rebels say they want to coordinate attacks on three fronts in order to broaden the defense of the loyalist forces. Their efforts were evident this week with the launch of new attacks on the oil port of Brega, a pivotal Zlitan the city, and Zawiyah, on the outskirts of the capital.
At the same time, international diplomacy is increasing efforts to reach a political solution to the conflict within Libya. Envoy in Moscow, Mikhail Margelov, said that the Libyan regime and the rebels in Tripoli met in Paris: "For the Libyan government, there is a line not to cross, that is the political survival of the Gadaffi. Direct contacts between Tripoli and the rebels are underway but these exclude that Gaddafi could stay in power. " Margelov also reported that emissaries of the Colonel would have made contact with rebels of Benghazi in other European cities, including Berlin and Oslo.
Of "crucial importance" diplomatic - as defined by the prime minister of the transitional National Council of Libya, Mahmoud Jibril - even the "great assembly" which, as announced by the Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini, will take place in Rome next week and the participation of all representatives of the Libyan society. "This meeting - said the head of the foreign ministry - to be held in Rome and there will be between 200 and 300 people who truly represent all of Libya." News from the Italian front, in contrast the theme of that part of the North African coast, with the announcement of the signing by Frattini Benghazi with the CNT, which is the only legitimate representative of the Libyan people, an agreement to prevent and combat the flow of illegal immigrants from Libya. Sign of the establishment of relations with the new growth of the Libyan government.
If the insurgents are on the ground to mark some progress, 48 ​​hours ago 16 of them were wounded by friendly fire near Ajdabiya, west of Benghazi. And just a few hours ago, have taken the NATO bombing of Tripoli, who recorded eight explosions in southeast and southwest of the Libyan capital.
From the military point of view, the contribution of the United States is crucial in the conduct of NATO operations, although this time the Americans have left the first line to the Europeans. Witness the thirty-page report issued by the White House two days ago that demonstrates the success it is achieving the mission led by NATO and illustrates the role and capacity used by the U.S. military, which provide: electronic support, aircraft refueling, skills strategic transport, rescue personnel, search and rescue, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance support, a team of fixed attack and supporting troops in the three NATO headquarters.
From March 31, when the United States have given full control and accountability of operations to the Atlantic Alliance, the report notes that the "vast majority" of the attacks were launched by European allies. The blows from the U.S. are limited to the suppression of enemy air attacks and occasional Predator aircraft against "a specific set of objectives, all within the authorization of the United Nations, in order to minimize collateral damage in urban areas."
In short, in a Libyan still murky and poorly defined, the NATO mission is making progress on the ground and block U.S. aid, as many would like the U.S. Congress, would seriously impair the ability of the coalition to execute and sustain operations to protect Libyan civilians, enforcing no-fly zone, naval arms embargo authorized by the resolution of UN Security Council.

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