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domenica 30 gennaio 2011

With the federal taxes are lowered and pulling against the Third Pole (Italian politic)


The Third Pole has announced he will vote no to the decree on municipal federalism. They emphasized both the UDC leader Pier Ferdinando Casini, and Sen. Mario Baldassarri Fli (Futuro e Libertà), whose vote is crucial for internal balance to the Committee on Federalism. Not appear to have served the words of Minister Tremonti, who had tried to reassure the public by stating that the design of federalism would not involve new taxes for citizens. This position may well be contrary to scuttle across the federalist reform for decades that Italy expects.
The reason why the leaders of the Third Pole does not want to vote the current text of the decree lies in the conviction that the implementing rules can make a final blow to the autonomy of municipalities. Particularly hard Baldassarri's comment on the provisions concerning the entry of the famous dry coupon on vacation. Finiano Senator has accused the government of playing into the hands of three cards, because "in July, the coupon would cost 2.8 billion at December 1 billion and three billion hours", according to latest estimates. The question of dry coupon has long been a workhorse of Baldassarri. It was he who suggest it, giving the introduction to the idea that the loss of revenue (certain) due to the reduction in the average marginal rate would be compensated from the emergence (uncertain) in new tax base, due to the adjustment of contracts in black rents. Experts on the operation raised many questions right now, since the uncertainty on the emergence of the tax base is virtually impossible to solve, for one simple reason: it is possible to quantify precisely how many owners decide to be regularized?
Baldassarri has always been convinced of this choice and has always supported, even clashing with those who's perspective, the risk that the cost of its introduction would have been excessive. Until now. What it has now convinced to change his mind and vote no to a solution which he himself had proposed did not know, but certainly not the motivation may be the cost of the operation, because of the risks of the operation Baldassarri they have always been aware of.
Neither position is tenable Casini, according to which that federalism should be against the communists. Certainly, the current text is even better, especially the rules concerning the mechanism of operation of the equalization fund - as yet absent - or to those relating to the handling of local taxes, which would give a strong financial autonomy to municipalities.
But definitely not accettable position, often political, hip, seeing the towns as the poor victims of the cuts in a rapacious central government. A true fiscal autonomy at the local level can not be at the expense of the state budget, more so in this historical phase characterized by high public debt and European rules on public finances increasingly restrictive.
Total public expenditure should be reduced at both central and local level. Municipalities must be convinced that the way forward is not to have freedom to raise taxes in a way to have more revenue to finance the increased spending, but rather to cut them due to a reduction in components inefficient and unnecessary spending. An effective fiscal federalism is one that forces local government to manage public finances prudently and sparingly, that is the exact opposite of what has been done so far. Those mayors leading to disruption municipal finance (has happened in many municipalities) should be punished by their own citizens and they should be deprived of the opportunity to reapply. But to do this we must take away any excuse to turn over the responsibility of the state, according to the old system of giving more responsibility to someone else, with the result that in the end, no one is ever responsible for the mismanagement of public money. The municipalities that require more autonomy and more flexibility in the use of fiscal instruments must also accept the idea that the risk of loss of revenue should fall on them. This is the real driving force to implement the principle of accountability of directors. Otherwise we would be back in front of a local finance highly dependent on the plant, which would certainly not benefit the community as the history of Italian public finance has always shown.
It would therefore be appropriate that the leaders of the Third Pole for thinking seriously about whether to vote for a revolutionary law that would eventually benefit all citizens, failing to ride the dissent of any mayor who does not want to resign with the idea that the Berlusconi government 'era of public transfers data to rain without merit and is finally passed.

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